For many people, being debt-free is their top financial goal. But even if you have enough cash to pay off your debt quickly â€“ a strategy we often recommend here at Student Loan Hero â€“ that doesn’t mean you always should. If you’re wondering if you should pay off your car loan early, the answer can be more complicated than you think.
Let’s dig into reasons why you should pay off your car loan early â€“ and a few reasons why you shouldn’t.
Like any debt, a car loan can weigh down on your budget. Getting rid of that debt certainly has its perks.
Let’s say you have a $10,000 car loan with a 14.99% APR and a five-year term. If you pay the minimum amount on your loan each month, you’ll end up paying a whopping $4,271 in interest.
If you add an extra $50 a month to each payment, you’ll pay off the loan more than a year earlier and save $1,072 in interest. The more you pay each month, the more you’ll save. Use a prepayment calculator to find out how much you can save on your loan.
If you plan to borrow again â€“ such as for a mortgage â€“ the lender will consider your debt-to-income ratio. If your total debt payments are too high relative to your income, they might deny your application. The reason why is simple: The more debt you have, the likelier you are to default.
So if you have the cash to pay off the car loan early, doing so could make it easier to get approved the next time you apply for credit.
Once your car loan is paid off, you’ll no longer have to make that monthly payment. This frees up cash for other goals, such as paying off other debt and saving for retirement.
To some, the benefits of paying off a car loan early make the decision a no-brainer. But if your interest rate is particularly low, take a step back and consider a few things you’re giving up by making bigger payments on your loan.
If you’re adding more money to your car loan every month, that’s less money you have for other financial goals and obligations. For example, if you have debt at a higher interest rate (such as a high-interest credit card), you’d be better off paying that down more quickly.
Also, make sure you’re working toward a fully-funded emergency fund â€“ about three to six months’ worth of expenses. If you put all your extra cash toward debt instead, it can cause more problems down the road if you lose your job, become disabled, or something else unexpected happens. Avoid neglecting other important financial goals when paying down your loan.
To find the right balance with paying off your car loan and saving for emergencies, take a look at your interest rate. If it’s below ten percent, you may be able to afford to put more into your emergency fund. But if it’s above ten percent, paying off the car loan may be more urgent.
If your car loan’s interest rate is low, you could get a better net return if you invest your money.
For example, say you have a $10,000 car loan with a 2.99% APR and a five-year term. Your monthly payment would be around $180, and you’d pay $10,779 total. If you were to add an extra $100 a month to your payment, you’d save $292 on interest over the life of the loan.
However, if you invest $100 per month and it grows at an annualized rate of six percent, you will earn $1,012 in interest over five years.
If your car loan has a high interest rate, refinancing is another way to reduce your financial burden. Depending on how your credit has improved since you originally took out the loan, you could qualify for a significantly better auto loan rate.
Refinancing your car loan at a lower rate would not only reduce how much you pay in interest, it would also lower your monthly payments. You can even refinance with a shorter loan term to further save on interest costs. Banks often charge fees to refinance, though, so make sure the math works out in your favor.
If you have a high-interest auto loan and no opportunity to refinance, it’s likely worth losing a little cash flow for a while to save on interest. But even if you have a low interest rate, a strong aversion to debt is a good enough reason to pay off your car loan early.
When you have a low interest rate, though, you might be better off investing or saving more each month. This is especially true if you don’t feel strongly about paying off your loan early or need to lower your debt-to-income ratio.
There’s no one-size-fits-all approach to how you should tackle your debt. If you’re wondering whether you should be paying off a car loan early, take a step back and review your finances. Make sure you have savings to manage emergencies and that you don’t have other debts you need to prioritize first.